Friday, 5 October 2012

Publications and Columns/Reflection Pieces


(current h-index is 11, and i10-index is 14; from over 50 peer reviewed publications)








Abstracts of Selected Medical Education Publications

"We propose the need for a specific educational scholarship when using e-learning in medical education. Effective e-learning has additional factors that require specific critical attention, including the design and delivery of e-learning. An important aspect is the recognition that e-learning is a complex intervention, with several interconnecting components that have to be aligned. This alignment requires an essential iterative development process with usability testing. Effectiveness of e-learning in one context may not be fully realised in another context unless there is further consideration of applicability and scalability. We recommend a participatory approach for an educational scholarship for using e-learning in medical education, such as by action research or design-based research."

Above abstract from
Sandars, J and Goh, PS. Is there a need for a specific educational scholarship for using e-learning in medical education? Med Teach. 2016 Apr 19:1-2 [Epub ahead of print]


"This Personal View elaborates on my strong conviction that the excitement and positive feelings that many of us have for eLearning or Technology enhanced learning (TeL) is well founded, and will argue why our hopes are justified, and not misplaced. In a nutshell, I believe that eLearning or TeL is a significant advance from previous generations of educational innovation, and offers benefits for students, educators and administrators; by synergistically combining the capabilities of digital content, the Internet, and mobile technology, supported by software and applications or "Apps"."

Above abstract from
Goh PS. eLearning or technology enhanced learning in medical education - Hope, not hype. Med Teach. 2016 Mar 16:1-2. [Epub ahead of print]


"Effective learning, and deep learning require interest in a topic, a commitment to learning by our students, regular and systematic participation in an educational process and program, with active engagement with the educational content and the training process. Effective teaching requires awareness of the educational background and prior experience of our students, efforts to maintain and increase motivation in our students, careful and knowledgeable selection of instructional content, and use of interactive and active learning exercises, sequenced and built into a systematic and programmatic educational and training process. Educational technology can anchor and facilitate both effective learning and teaching."

above from
Goh PS. eLearning or technology enhanced learning in medical education - Hope, not hype. Med Teach. 2016 Mar 16:1-2. [Epub ahead of print]




"...combining an embedded online ‘‘graffiti wall’’ with a blog for use before, during and after the face to face session ..... .......  encourages students to actively and publicly engage with the learning material (on the blog), and also gives visibility of the teaching and educational process to students and their teachers."

above from
Goh, P.S., Sandars, J. An innovative approach to digitally flip the classroom by using an online "graffiti wall" with a blog. Medical Teacher (Published online on 14 July 2016).
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27414992
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2016.1204433




"Technology enhanced learning or eLearning allows educators to expand access to educational content, promotes engagement with students and makes it easier for students to access educational material at a time, place and pace which suits them. The challenge for educators beginning their eLearning journey is to decide where to start, which includes the choice of an eLearning tool and platform. This article will share one educator's decision making process, and experience using blogs as a flexible and versatile integrated eLearning tool and platform. Apart from being a cost effective/free tool and platform, blogs offer the possibility of creating a hyperlinked indexed content repository, for both created and curated educational material; as well as a distribution and engagement tool and platform. Incorporating pedagogically sound activities and educational practices into a blog promote a structured templated teaching process, which can be reproduced. Moving from undergraduate to postgraduate training, educational blogs supported by a comprehensive online case-based repository offer the possibility of training beyond competency towards proficiency and expert level performance through a process of deliberate practice. By documenting educational content and the student engagement and learning process, as well as feedback and personal reflection of educational sessions, blogs can also form the basis for a teaching portfolio, and provide evidence and data of scholarly teaching and educational scholarship. Looking into the future, having a collection of readily accessible indexed hyperlinked teaching material offers the potential to do on the spot teaching with illustrative material called up onto smart surfaces, and displayed on holographic interfaces."

Above abstract from 
Goh PS. Using a blog as an integrated eLearning tool and platform. Med Teach. 2016 Jun;38(6):628-9. [2015 Nov 11:1-2. Epub ahead of print]



Medical Education Peer Reviewed Publications (selected)

(Poh Sun Goh Orchid ID)



1. Goh, P.S., Sandars, J. An innovative approach to digitally flip the classroom by using an online "graffiti wall" with a blog. Medical Teacher (Published online on 14 July 2016).
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27414992
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2016.1204433

2. Sandars, J., Goh, P.S. Is there a need for a specific educational scholarship for using e-learning in
medical education? Medical Teacher (Published online on 19 April 2016)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27093587

3. Goh, P.S. eLearning or Technology enhanced learning in medical education - Hope, not Hype.
Medical Teacher (Published online on 16 March 2016)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26982639

4. Goh, P.S. Using a blog as an integrated eLearning tool and platform. Med Teach. 2016 Jun;38(6):628-9. (Published online on November 11, 2015.)

5. Sandars J, Patel RS, Goh PS, Kokatailo PK, Lafferty N. The importance of educational theories for
facilitating learning when using technology in medical education. Med Teach. 2015 Mar 17:1-4.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25776228

6. Dong C, Goh PS. Twelve tips for the effective use of videos in medical education. Med Teach. 2015 Feb;

7. Liaw SY, Wong LF, Chan SW, Ho JT, Mordiffi SZ, Ang SB, Goh PS, Ang EN. Designing and evaluating
an interactive multimedia Web-based simulation for developing nurses' competencies in acute nursing care:
randomized controlled trial. J Med Internet Res. 2015 Jan 12;17(1):e5.



Book chapter

"The objective of building up an online radiology case repository was to develop a collection of clinical cases which present the major and important diagnostic categories encountered in clinical practice, to allow residents in training the opportunity to be exposed to a wide variety of cases in each category, with a standardised and comprehensive exposure to cases representing the full clinical spectrum (from typical, to less typical, and atypical cases, and clinical examples with confounding features and multiple diagnoses) and to provide authentic radiology cases for exemplar teaching for postgraduates."

above from Case Study 16.5: An online hyperlinked radiology case repository to facilitate postgraduate training in diagnostic radiology, National University of Singapore, by Goh Poh Sun

Invited Case Study for Book Chapter (published July 2015)
Chapter 17 – New learning technologies can contribute to a successful educational program
John Sanders (including case studies by Gareth Frith, Goh Poh Sun, Natalie Lafferty)
In International Handbook of Medical Education: What Works
Editors – Khalid Bin Abdulrahman, Ronald M Harden, Stewart Mennin
Publisher - Routledge



Educational Papers (Slideshare)

"We feel that there are close parallels between the culinary arts and practices with the teaching and learning practices of medical educators. In this article we explore this culinary analogy as a means to help medical educators think about their educational practices and to develop their scholarship in medical education."

above from
Insights from the culinary arts and practices for medical educators
Poh Sun Goh and John Sandars (2016)




"Technology enhanced learning (TEL) offers the potential to personalise learning in medical education, through the continuum of undergraduate, postgraduate and continuing professional development or lifelong learning. TEL offers students access to educational materials, and personal choice by showing what is available (which allows a student to sample, explore, and consume educational content to match an individual’s learning preferences and requirements, at a time and place of the learner’s choosing). For educators, digital scholarship provides a method to publicly document teaching and educational activity, to facilitate evaluation of the quantity and quality of these educational activities; and allows peers to critique and build on educational initiatives." 

above from
http://www.slideshare.net/dnrgohps/tlhe2014-final-draft-submission-for-peer-review-and-consideration-for-paper-presentation
Using a digital knowledge repository to personalise learning in medical education - a follow up report (to TeL 2013) Poh Sun Goh (2014)


"One of the greatest challenges facing medical educators, in both undergraduate and postgraduate education, is ensuring consistency of clinical experience. It could also be argued that clinical expertise is based on a foundation of clinical patient (case) experience - both the variety and range of cases, and depth of case experience. The challenge for curriculum planners is ensuring the availability of a wide enough range of cases to be linked to, and embody the undergraduate medical and postgraduate training curricula. Developing an online repository of these cases is an obvious solution to this educational challenge."

above from
Building an online repository of teaching resources to facilitate consistent and good quality teaching of postgraduates and undergraduates in medicine – a preliminary report
Poh Sun Goh (2013)


"In this Master Thesis, the topic to be investigated is a method to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of residency training in radiology in order to potentially shorten residency training while maintaining effectiveness, in order to increase the numbers of trained radiologists. The research question to be investigated is whether compare and contrast case review with pairs of cases is more time efficient and effective compared with traditional sequential case review with single cases in radiology problem solving." 

above from
http://www.slideshare.net/dnrgohps/for-med-edworldpublishpohsungoh
Use of case pairs can potentially improve the efficiency and effectiveness of radiology residency
Poh Sun Goh (MHPE Thesis, 2012)



MedEdWorld Reflections

"There are several apparent similarities between traditional academic scholarship and "digital" scholarship. Our digital teaching and educational efforts can be measured. Perhaps even easier than with "traditional" teaching and scholarly activities."

above from
http://mededworld.org/reflections/reflection-items/March-2014/(e)Scholarship-Traditional-vs-Digital-Scholarship.aspx
Digital Scholarship
( see also - "(e)Scholarship" ) 
"Ideally, focus on academic productivity in both traditional and digital scholarship"


"Lets show what we actually teach with and assess on. The full range, breadth and depth. Lets make teaching visible, and accessible. Widely."

above from
http://mededworld.org/reflections/reflection-items/March-2014/(e)Repository.aspx
(e)Repository


"Learning is at the heart of what we do. Technology can facilitate, customise, amplify. Note the small (e), and big L in (e)Learning. The quality of the content matters. As educators, lets create great content, share it, or curate it. The internet and mobile technology connects."

above from
http://mededworld.org/reflections/reflection-items/September-2013/(e)Learning.aspx
(e)Learning




50 ideas for educators in 500 words or less

http://50ideasforeducators.blogspot.sg/ (with selected posts below)


Understanding basic theory using a few illustrative examples. Mastering a topic by exposure to and experience with many examples
by
Goh Poh Sun (First draft June 4, 2015 @ 7pm)

Typical examples or real-life scenarios can be used to illustrate theory, and help students understand fundamental principles. Mastering a topic usually requires exposure to and experience with many examples, both typical and atypical, common to uncommon including subtle manifestations of a phenomenon. The traditional method of doing this is via a long apprenticeship, or many years of practice with feedback and experience. A digital collection of educational scenarios and cases can support and potentially shorten this educational and training process. Particularly if a systematic attempt is made to collect and curate a comprehensive collection of all possible educational scenarios and case-based examples, across the whole spectrum of professional practice. Online access to key elements, parts of and whole sections of these learning cases; used by students with guidance by instructors under a deliberate practice and mastery training framework, can potentially accelerate the educational process, and deepen learning.



Building a portfolio of academic scholarship and The academic cycle 
by 
Goh Poh Sun (first draft on April 10th, 2016 at 1737hrs)

"The process of building a portfolio of academic scholarship requires attention to, as well as regular participation in and focus on an area of academic work; getting training, building experience, and developing an understanding of current and topical academic conversations in that area; by reading, attending major academic conferences, through conference presentations, presenting at symposia and workshops; developing ideas further and deepening insights through reflection and discourse; then continuing the academic cycle by getting feedback on these insights by progressively disseminating these ideas through case studies, reflection pieces and peer reviewed papers, both online and through traditional academic peer reviewed publications and conference presentations."


List of selected publications: (in Medical Education and Clinical Radiology / Clinical Ophthalmology)

( for list of over 50 publications see link http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1531-2053; and for abstracts of recent publications, see section below this )

1. Sandars, J., Goh, P.S. Is there a need for a specific educational scholarship for using e-learning in medical education? Medical Teacher (Published online on April 19th, 2016)

2. Goh, P.S. eLearning or Technology enhanced learning in medical education - Hope, not Hype.
Medical Teacher (Published online March 16, 2016)

3. Goh, P.S. Using a blog as an integrated eLearning tool and platform. Med Teach. 2016 Jun;38(6):628-9. (Published early online on November 11, 2015.

4. Sandars J, Patel RS, Goh PS, Kokatailo PK, Lafferty N. The importance of educational theories for facilitating learning when using technology in medical education. Med Teach. 2015 Mar 17:1-4.

5. Dong C, Goh PS. Twelve tips for the effective use of videos in medical education. Med Teach. 2015 Feb; 37(2):140-5.

6. Liaw SY, Wong LF, Chan SW, Ho JT, Mordiffi SZ, Ang SB, Goh PS, Ang EN. Designing and evaluating an interactive multimedia Web-based simulation for developing nurses' competencies in acute nursing care: randomized controlled trial. J Med Internet Res. 2015 Jan 12;17(1):e5.

7. Yong AM, Zhao DB, Siew SC, Goh PS, Liao J, Amrith S. Assessment of bony nasolacrimal parameters among Asians. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014 Jul-Aug;30(4):322-7.

8. Goh, P.S., Gi, M.T., Charlton, A., Tan, C., Gangadhara Sundar, J.K., Amrith, S.
Review of orbital imaging (2008) European Journal of Radiology, 66 (3), pp. 387-395.

9. Amrith, S., Goh, P.S., Wang, S.-C.
Lacrimal sac volume measurement during eyelid closure and opening
(2007) Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 35 (2), pp. 135-139.

10. Amrith, S., Goh, P.S., Wang, S.-C.
Tear flow dynamics in the human nasolacrimal ducts - A pilot study using dynamic magnetic
resonance imaging (2005) Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 243 (2), pp.127-131.

11. Goh, P.S., Khoo, C.Y., Heng, L.K., Yeoh, R.L.S, Lim, A.S.M.
Pseudomonas keratitis with soft contact lenses. Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
(1989) Oct; 1(1), pp. 12-13.


Selected recent publications (below)

Book Chapter (published in July 2015)

Chapter 16 – New learning technologies can contribute to a successful educational program - John Sanders 
including case studies by Gareth Frith, Goh Poh Sun and Natalie Lafferty

Chapter 16 - New learning technologies can contribute to a successful educational program

In International Handbook of Medical Education: What Works
Editors – Khalid Bin Abdulrahman, Ronald M Harden, Stewart Mennin Publisher - Routledge







                                              http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26558420














SY Liaw, LF Wong, SWC Chan, JTY Ho, Siti Z Mordiffi, SBL Ang, PS Goh, ENK Ang. Designing and evaluating an interactive multimedia web-based simulation for developing hospital nurses’ competencies in acute nursing care: Randomized controlled trial. JMIR(Journal of Medical Internet Research). Published on 12.01.15 in Vol 17, No 1 (2015): January. http://www.jmir.org/2015/1/e5/













(to cite the paper above, please see information at bottom of first page on link below)








A Yong, D Zhao, SS Chao, PS Goh, JM Liao, S Amrith. Assessment of Bony Nasolacrimal parameters among Asians. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014 Jul-Aug;30(4):322-7. doi: 10.1097/IOP.0000000000000101
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25069069














P, Jagmohan, PS Goh. Benign oesophageal diseases - a review of CT findings. Clin Rad. 2013. May 6. [ePub ahead of print] doi:pii: S0009-9260(13)00126-8. 10.1016/j.crad.2013.03.018





                     




- Work as supervisor of University of Melbourne undergraduate medical student (W Chen) for BMedSci degree (9 month full time project, publication below)

Chen W. Onsite and offsite use of computer aided learning in undergraduate radiology education. Australian Medical Student Journal. 2011;2(2):14-18.

- Work as supervisor of Research Fellow (Dr Lu JF) developing an interactive 3D digital chest atlas based on CT scan data for teaching undergraduate students normal anatomy of the chest (18 month grant funded project, publications below)

JF Lu, L Li, PS Goh. A multimodal virtual anatomy e-Learning tool for medical education.
Entertainment for Education, Digital Techniques and Systems. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, (2010), 278-287. 
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-14533-9_28
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-642-14533-9_28#page-1

cited by

Virtual 3D Atlas of a Human Body – Development of an Educational Medical Software Application
Adam Hamrola , Filip Górskia, Damian Grajewskia , Przemysław Zawadzkia
http://udv.ull.es/vare/data/vare2013_ID_42_FULL%20PAPER.pdf


JF Lu, L Li, PS Goh. A multimodal virtual anatomy e-Learning tool for medical education. Proceedings of the Entertainment for education and 5th International Conference on e-Learning and games. Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg. 2010
ISBN: 3-642-14532-9 978-3-642-14532-2






"Using technology to enhance teaching and learning - Making sense of research, and Developing scholarship"


































Accepted for publication


Sandars, J., Goh, P.S. Is there a need for a specific educational scholarship for using e-learning in medical education? Medical Teacher (accepted for publication on February 17, 2016)








In preparation / Under submission 

Peer reviewed journal articles

JYL, Wong, PS Goh, JKC Tam, D Lim, M, Abhyankar, PJ, Huggan. Imaging and clinico-pathologic correlation of amoebic meningoencephalitis caused by Entamoeba histolytica: a case report and review of imaging findings associated with amoebic infections of the central nervous system (under submission)

WL, Tay; S, Oei; PS Goh. Diabetic non-ketotic hyperglycaemia - Case report and review of CT findings (under revision).

K.L. Loh; S, Amrith; PS, Goh. Inter and intra-observer variation in the measurement of certain parameters in orbital CT scan. (under revision)





eBook - Essential Neuroradiology for Residents and Fellows

Chapter 1 – Infarcts (including 30 case eAssessment)
Chapter 2 – Haemorrhage (including 30 case eAssessment)
Chapter 3 – Tumours (including 30 case eAssessment)
Chapter 4 – Skull and Face
Chapter 5 – Calcifications, Normal Variants
Chapter 6 – Orbits
Chapter 7 – Neck
Chapter 8 – Skull Base and Spine
Chapter 9 – Head and Neck
Chapter 10 – Advanced Head and Neck


eBook - Essential Chest Radiology for Residents 

Chapter 1 – Pleural Disease (including 30 case eAssessment)
Chapter 2 – Parenchymal Disease (including 30 case eAssessment)
Chapter 3 – Mediastinum (including 30 case eAssessment)
Chapter 4 – CT Correlation Pleura Parenchyma Mediastinum Part 1
Chapter 5 – CT Correlation Pleura Parenchyma Mediastinum Part 2
Chapter 6 – Advanced Pleura Parenchyma Mediastinum
Chapter 7 – Diffuse vs Focal Disease
Chapter 8 – Abdomen
Chapter 9 – Chest and Abdomen
Chapter 10 - Roundup

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